VoL.XI(l):2. Opisthobranch Newsletter January 1979.
9903 KESSLER, CATHERINE G. & HENRY D. RUSSELL, 30 October 1978. Leopold
and Rudolph Blaschka's Nudibranch Glass Models. THE NAUTILUS, 92(4) :167-
172, fig. 1.
9904 LaFOLLETTEj, PATRICK I., 9 January 1979, Observations on the Larval
Development and Behavior of Chrysallida cincta Carpenter, 1864 (Gas-
tropoda: Pyramidellidae) . THE WESTERN SOCIETY OF MALACOLOGISTS,
Annual Report, 11:31-34.
9905 MEYER, K.B., April 1977. Dorid Nudibranchs of the Caribbean Coast of
The Panama Canal Zone. BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE, 27 (2) : 299-307 ,
9906 MUMAW, LAURA M. , March 1978. Effects of Oil on Nudibranch Development.
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COLLEGE OF FISHERIES, University of Washington,
Seattle, WA 98195, 1977 Research in Fisheries, Contribution No. 480,
pp. 74-75. [Onchidoris bilamellata]
9907 ORTEA, J8,A, , 1978. Cinco Opisthobranquios nuevos para la fauna iberica
(Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia) colectados en Astruias. SUP. CIEN.
BOL. IDEA, (23) :107-120, figs. A-E. [Spanish; English summary;
Odostomia minima ^ Aldisa banyulensis , Janolus hyalinus , & Others]
9908 PURVIS, IAN, Summer 1978. Marine Mollusca from the Egmont Islands.
OF SEA AND SHORE, 9(2):81-83, tbls. i-vi, 1-4, fig. 1. [Pyramidel-
lids & Bullids listed]
9909 RICE, TOM, Summer, 1978. Our O.S. &S. Tour. OF SEA AND SHORE, 9(2):
77-80, 12 photos, 1 map. [Smaragdia viridis]
9910 RIVEST, BRIAN R., February 1978. Development of the Eolid Nudibranch
Cuthona nana (Alder and Hancock , 1842) , and Its Relationship with
a Hydroid and a Hermit Crab. THE BIOLOGICAL BULLETIN, 154(1):157-?
9911 ROBERTSON, ROBERT, 1978. (October). Spermatophores of Six Eastern
North American Pyramidellid Gastropods and Their Systematic Signi-
ficance (with the New Genus Boonea) . BIOLOGICAL BULLETIN, 155(2):
360-382, figs. 1-77.
9912 ROGINSKAYA, I.S., 1978. On the Reproduction of Acteonia cocksi
(Alder & Hancock) (Opisthobranchia: Sacoglossa) in the Intertidal
Zone of the Kanin-Nos Peninsula. Fifth Meeting on Molluscs,
MALACOLOGICAL REVIEW, 11:117-118. [English abstract of the Original
9913 ROS, JOANDOMENEC, 1978, La alimentacion y el sustrato en los opistho-
branquios ibericos. [Food and Substrate in Iberian Opisthobranchs. ]
OECOLOGIA AQUATICA, 3:153-166, tbls. 1-4. [Spanish; English summary]
9914 SCHMEKEL, LUISE, 1 January 1979. First Record of Okenia impexa
Marcus, 1957 from the Western Atlantic in the Mediterranean. THE
VELIGER, 21 (3) : 355-360, figs. 1-5.
9915 SHERBANY, ARIEL A., RICHARD T. AMBRON & JAMES H. SCHWARTZ, 5 January
1979. Membrane Glycolipids: Regional Synthesis and Axonal Transport
in a Single Identified Neuron of Aplysia californica, SCIENCE, 203
(4375) :78-81, 2 text figs.
9916 SHONMAN, DAVID & JAMES W. NYBAKKEN, 1 July 1978. Food Preferences,
Food Availability and Food Resources Partitioning in Two Sympatric
Species of Cephalaspidean Opisthobranchs. THE VELIGER, 21(1) : 120-
126, tbls. 1-4, 1 text fig.
9917 SHYAMASUNDARI, K. & M. NAJBUDDIN, 1976. Experimental Investigations
of Salinity and Temperature Effects on Early Developmental Stages
in Dendrodoris (Doriopsilla) miniata (Alder & Hancock) (Gastropoda
Opisthobranchia). MONIT. ZOOL. ITAL. , 10(2):93-94.
9918 SPHON, GALE G., 1 October 1978. Additional Notes on Spurilla alba
(Risbec, 1928). (Mollusca: Opisthobranchia). THE VELIGER, 21(1) :305.
9919 STRENTH, NED E. & JAMES E. BLANKENSHIP, 1 July 1978. Laboratory
Culture, Metamorphosis and Development of Aplysia brasiliana Rang,
1828 (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia) » THE VELIGER, 21(1):99-103,
Volume XL Number Ij
Illustration at right:
Kay & Young 1969.
Drawing by P.J. Hoff
9920 STRENTH, NED E. & JAMES E. BLANKENSHIP, April 1978. On the Valid Name
of the Coiranon Texas and Florida Species of Aplysia (Gastropoda,
Opisthobranchia) . BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE, 28 (2) : 249-254 .
9921 SWITZER-DUNLAP, MARILYN & MICHAEL G. HADFIELD, 1977. Observations on
Development, larval Growth and Metamorphosis of Four Species of
Aplysiidae (Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia) in Laboratory Culture.
JOURN. EXP. BIOL. ECOL. , 29 (4) : 245-261 , 4 text figs.
9922 TARDY, JEAN, September 1973. La morphogenese comparee du systeme
nerveux des Mollusques Nudibranches . HALIOTIS, 4 (1-2) : 61-76 .
9923 TARDY, J., 1976. Contribution a la connaissance de la biologie des
nudibranches; developpement et metamorphose; vie predatrice: II.
Les premiers stades benthiques d* Aeolidia papulosa (Linne)
(Mollusque nudibranche) . HALIOTIS, 6:255-260.
9924 TRAYNOR, M. ELAINE, PAUL B.J. WOODSON, WERNER T. SCHLAPFER & SAM-
UEL H. BARONDES, 1976. Sustained Tolerance to a Specific Effect of
Ethanol on Posttetanic Potentiation in Aplysia. SCIENCE, 193
9925 WICKSTEN, MARY K. , 1 July 1978. Checklist of Marine Mollusks at
Coyote Point Park, San Francisco Bay, California. THE VELIGER, 21
(1):127-130, tbls. 1-2, fig. 1. [Aplysia californica, Odostomia sp.]
9926 WILLAN^ RICHARD C, April 1977. A Review of Pleurobranchella Thiele,
1925 (Opisthobranchia: Pleurobranchaeinae) . THE JOURNAL OF CONCH-
OLOGY, 29(3) :151-156?
9927 WILSON, WILKIE A. & HOWARD WACHTEL, 17 November 1978. Prolonged In-
hibition in burst Firing Neurons: Synaptic Inactivation of the Slow
Regenerative Inward Current. SCIENCE, 202 (4369) :772 , 2 text figs.
9928 BURN, ROBERT, 1 January 1978. Publication Dates of Bergh's 1879 Papers
Describing American Chromodorids. THE VELIGER, 20 (3) : 298-299 .
9929 BURN, ROBERT, 1 July 1978. Records of Philinopsis lineolata (H. & A.
Adams, 1854) (Opisthobranchia: Aglajidae) from South-Eastern Australia,
JOURNAL OF THE MALACOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA, 4(1-2): 6.
9930 BURN, ROBERT, 1 July 1978. A New Record of Thecacera pennigera
(Montagu, 1815) (Opisthobranchia: Polyceridae) from New South Wales.
THE JOURNAL OF THE MALACOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA, 4(1-2): 22.
9931 BURN, ROBERT, 1 July 1978. Marianina rosea (Pruvot-Fol, 1930) (Opis-
thobranchia: Dendronotacea) : Further Records from Australia. THE
JOURNAL OF THE MALACOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA, 4 (1-2): 28.
9932 BURN, ROBERT, 1 July 1978. A Review of Australian Species of
Austrocylichna , Nipponatys , Cylichnatys and Diniatys (Mollusca:
Gastropoda: Haminoeidae) . THE JOURNAL OF THE MALACOLOGICAL SOCIETY
OF AUSTRALIA, 4 (1-2) : 93-112 , figs. 1-25.
Thanks to Jim Lance, Dr. I.S. Roginskaya, Virginia Waters, Jim
Cajrlton, Clay Carlson, Dr. Eveline Marcus, Hans Bertsch, Dave Behrens ,
Dr. Ros, J. Ortea, Dr. Robert Robertson, Dr. George Davis, Ruth Rosin,
Dr. O. Paget, Tom Rice, Dr. K. Baba, Mr. Hamatani, and others for informa-
/tion and reprints.
Vol. XI (2):^. Opisthobranch Mewsletter February 1979.
Thanks to Tom Rice for the following list of opisthobranch stamps:
Afars & Issas (now called Republic of Djibouti) : #465 , Glossodoris sp.
(1977) , 70 fr.
Haitis #669, Micromelo undata (1973) 5<:j #671, Cyerce cristallina (1973) 25<^
Lundy: Caloria maculata (1978) lOp.
Mauririusj Hexabranchus marginatus (1969) #349, 40<:
New Caledonia: #309, Glaucus marinus (1959) 10fr.;#C37, Calliphylla
orientalis (1969) 37fr.|#C112, Hydatina physis (1974) 32fr.
Paupua New Guinea: 4 1978 issues showing Roboasi;ra arika, Chromodoris
fidelis f Flavellina macassar ana and Chromodoris trimarginata in
values of 10, 15, 35 and 40t respectively.
Singapore: #267, Amplustrum amplustre ("1977) 20<^.
Eveline Marcus writes that she is expecting the Rehders from the
Smithsonian to visit in Brazil and later, other visitors. Her summer
trip for this year will again leave out California.
Speaking of trips: We live about 30 minutes from the San Francisco
International Airport and would love to hear from any of you who are
travelling through. Please let us know even if it is only a short stop
between planes. I won't be able to do any foreign travelling for quite
a while so please don't miss the opportunity to say hello if you get to
I still have microfiche available for many, many opisthobranch and
general molluscan works. Most of the fiche are 24x reduction and contain
98 pages when full. Most are also negative appearing and have a black
background with clear characters for optimum viewing and printing. Paper
copies of any paper I have are available for $.35 per page as I have to
pay that much to have them done commercially. I hope to lower this cost
but that will have to wait until the volume of requests justifies the
purchase of a good reader/printer. I will also have to spend about
$2,000.00 more to get the text editing set-up computerized. Quite a few
original papers and books are available. If you desire prices on any
of these items you need only to send a request with the ON citation num-
Dr. Ruth Rosin has moved. Her new address is: 126 W, 83rd, Street,
New York, NY 10024.
Chris Kitting is now Dr. Christopher Kitting since he has received
his Ph.D. from Hopkins (Stanford) . Chris is working as a research assoc-
iate until March and will then probably go to U.C. Santa Barbara as a
research associate. Congratulations Dr. Kittingl
The 1979 meeting of the Western Society of Malacologists will be
held in conjunction with the American Malacological Union and the Coastal
Bend Shell Club, from August 5-11 at Corpus Christi, Texas. The call for
papers should go out around April 1, 1979. If you are planning to attend
and present a paper, please let me know. I would like to see a coordinate
group of opisthobranch papers if possible.
James T. Carlton has moved. His new address is: Department of Biol-
ogy, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts
The Bay Area Malacologists meeting, held January 27, 1979, was well
worth attending. Approximately 40 people attended and discussed a variety
of subjects. Dr. James Nybakken talked about two opisthobranch publica-
tions which should be out this year. One will be published by R. Tucker
Abbott and one by the California Academy of Sciences, If any of the
often-heralded "Color California Opisthobranchs" books is actually pub-
lished and distributed, it will be cause for shoutingl
Ian Loch and Bill Rudman are still at the Australian Museum. Bill
is spending time getting to know the local fauna.
Volume XL Number 3>
Illustration at right:
(Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
ft: U C- ""',
^•' O i- ■
From Kerry B. Clark: "In clarification of an earlier note [ON XI (2):
3-4] on tank culture, we discovered that we actually had two species of
Oxynoe living in our culture systems. O, antillarum has type 1 development
and large egg masses, while the second species has very extended intracap-
sular development and small inconspicuous egg masses. Kathe Jensen is
preparing a description of the new species. This explains why oxynoe
appeared to be developing in our tanks, as the new species can be cultured
very easily (as long as we can supply Caulerpa) .
We are continuing our identification of diets of Florida Ascoglossa,
which should help clarify feeding trends within the order, and also help
workers locate specimens. Almost invariably, if the food can be located,
the animal can be collected the holding the alga in aquariums for several
days, after which the juveniles grow to visible size. The adults can also
be collected by snorkeling, grabbing handfuls of algae and shaking vigor-
ously underwater. These techniques are necessary to collect sufficient
numbers for lab work, because tropical populations have very low densities
relative to those of temperate climates. Nearly every siphonalean alga
in Florida supports one or more species of ascoglossan, though often sea-
sonally. We have collected nearly all reported species of Florida Asco-
glossa in this way, with some apparently new species and several interest-
ing range extensions, including Costasiella lilianae , Mourgona germaineae ,
and Caliphylla mediterranea . Many species appear to be quite havitat-
specific, and we have collected these from only a few localities in Florida
despite relatively widespread occurrence of the algal food. Perhaps some
of these anomalies are due to currents, but we often find that a distance
of a hundred meters may make a tremendous difference in density of a popu-
lation, even though conditions appear quite similar.
I have three papers in press - one in Baruch symposium volume, and
two in the December JOURNAL OF MOLLUSCAN STUDIES. Two are on plastid sym-
biosis and one on developmental patterns."
From James T, Carlton: "Greetings I, and congratulations on seeing
the Opi sthobr anch Newsletter through its first ten years! I still remem-
ber the day when the first issue (and covering sheet) arrived on our desks
at the California Academy of Sciences. Of all the other newsletters —
for barnacles, amphipods , polychaetes, echinoderms, Corbicula , and many
others — the ON is surely one of the, if not the, oldest and most con-
tinuous of them all.
Let me comment on my old friend Dave Behrens ' comments on the mat-
ter of nomenclatural changes. There are of course two general types of
such changes: 'legal' changes necessitated by ICZN rules (matters of pri-
ority, homonomy, etc.), and somewhat more 'subjective' changes, based on
the op 'ions of one worker or another as to the generic placement of a
species, as to the synonymy of two or more species, etc. It is the latter
that most often give the most trouble: Worker A thinks species X and Y are
the same , but Worker B thinks species X and Y are not only quite distinct
but should perhaps be in different genera, leaving Worker C not knowing
which name or names to use. Only time and further data can resolve such